A day after President Obama declared the siege of Mount Sinjar broken and the crisis effectively over, Yezidi leaders say more than 100 of their men were executed Friday afternoon in the village of Kocho, located southeast of Sinjar in northern Iraq.
Fighters from the Islamic State took the remaining villagers — women and children — by bus to an unknown location where they will be made sex slaves or used for other purposes, Yezidi leaders told The Daily Signal.
On Wednesday, the United States military said a team of 18 Marines and Special Operations soldiers assessed conditions on Mount Sinjar and found most Yezidis had escaped, with the help of Kurdish pesh merga militiamen.
Obama said in view of those findings, the humanitarian airlifts, in which the U.S. military dropped more than 114,000 meals and 35,000 gallons of fresh water to Yezidis on Mount Sinjar, would be discontinued, but the airstrikes over Iraq would not.
“The bottom line is the situation on the ground has greatly improved and Americans should be proud,” Obama said from Martha’s Vineyard, where he is vacationing. “We do not expect there to be an additional operation to get people off the mountain.”
But Yezidis say up to 70,000 people remain on the mountain and those still in the villages face desperate conditions.
“Is this mission accomplished?!” a person connected with the Yezidis in Iraq wrote in an email to The Daily Signal.
Mirza Ismail, chairman of the Yezidi Human Rights Organization, suggested most of those remaining on Mount Sinjar are stranded on the south side of the mountain, closer to positions held by Islamic State fighters and too dangerous for the American assessment team to access.
Ismail, whose wife, parents and 10 siblings were stuck on Mount Sinjar, met with some of the president’s top national security aides at the White House last week before Obama announced American action.
Ismail’s family members have made it down the mountain, through Syria, and then to Zakho, Iraq, a Kurdish area near the border with Turkey.
His family members are now staying in a makeshift shelter with nowhere to go.
“My wife is just one of them,” Ismail said. “She is one of the thousands and thousands of innocent Yezidis. Everybody is my family there. Everybody.”
The New York Times reported that Turkey’s crisis response center said it was planning to build refugee camps for the Yezidis in Turkey if necessary and already had begun to build camps on the Iraqi side of the border.
Ismail said Yezidis wanting to enter Turkey have to pay smugglers $2,000 to $3,000 for a dangerous 10- to 20-minute drive into Turkey from Zakho.
In addition, Turkish authorities refuse entry to Iraqi refugees without passports.
“They don’t have anything [money],” Ismail said. “They would go [if they could] but they fled their villages in the middle of night [after ISIS attacked them]. They only escaped with their night gown.”
Ismail says that the United Nations officials should escort the Yezidis into Turkey.
“If you are responsible for world affairs, why don’t you act?” Ismail said. But even if it did, the Yezidis would view Turkey as only a temporary home.
Some of the Yezidis want to go to Europe, but most want to return home in peace, Ismail said.
“Yezidis don’t want to leave Iraq,” Ismail said. “We have more than 6,000 years of history there. But there is no choice. If we lose, it’s not just us who loses. The West loses too because our heritage will be gone.”
Source material can be found at this site.